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In this blog, you will notice that these branches often overlap, but the differences between them are noteworthy. If we could sum them up in a simple sentence, we’d say that Computer Science deals with data and algorithms while Computer Engineering is focused on hardware and firmware.

  • Computer Science started as a branch of Mathematics, while Computer Engineering began (and still is considered by some) as a branch of Electrical Engineering.
  • Computer Science students learn about computing theory, programming, environments, algorithms, data security, and transfer, etc. Computer Engineering students discover how to develop, prototype, and test microchips, circuits, processors, conductors, and any other components used in computer devices or systems (e.g. supercomputers, smartphones, laptops, servers, IoT gadgets). They also develop the firmware, an essential type of software that allows operating systems and applications to take full advantage of the hardware.
  • Computer scientists work with computational theories, powerful algorithms, and mathematical models which are used to develop software programs and systems. Computer engineers, on the other hand, develop the hardware and firmware on which software and systems run.

Computer Science vs Computer Engineering specializations

In addition to general Computer Science and Computer Engineering degrees, universities and colleges also offer different specializations or subdisciplines if you want to narrow down your focus. Here are a few examples:

Computer Science specializations

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine Learning
  • Data Science
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Cyber Security
  • Cloud Computing
  • Video Game Development

Computer Engineering specializations

  • Hardware Systems
  • Distributed Computing
  • Robotics and Cybernetics
  • Embedded Systems
  • Computer Graphics and Visualisation
  • Medical Image Computing
  • Computer and Network Security

Computer Science vs Computer Engineering: offered subjects

Here, the line between the two disciplines becomes a little blurry. This happens because, at some universities, the differences are very small, with most of the courses being the same. At others, it is exactly the opposite – only a few courses are common, while most are different.

To know what you’ll actually study, check out the curriculum before choosing an academic program and don’t rely only on the title of the program. If you have other questions, don’t hesitate to contact the university or college where you want to apply. They’ll be more than happy to help you.

With that in mind, let’s take a look at some typical classes offered by general Computer Science and Computer Engineering degrees:

Computer Science Subjects

  • Theory of computation
  • Software security
  • Computer graphics
  • Algorithms and data structures
  • Calculus
  • Linear algebra
  • Software engineering
  • Web development
  • Cryptography
  • Programming

Computer Engineering Subjects

  • Introduction to electronics
  • Circuit analysis
  • Signal processing
  • Engineering computing
  • Embedded systems
  • Computer networks
  • Computer vision
  • Autonomous robotics
  • Programming principles
  • Computer architecture

While job opportunities are generally different for computer scientists and computer engineers, future graduates can expect to start working in software positions, because the industry demand is higher in that area.

Computer Science jobs and salaries

These are some of the most popular Computer Science jobs. 

  • Computer Scientist 
  • System Analyst 
  • Web Designer 
  • Software Programmer 
  • Data Scientist 
  • Business Analyst 
  • Java Developer 

Computer Engineering jobs

Now let’s use the same data and structure to look at common Computer Engineering jobs:

  • Computer Engineer 
  • Computer Architecture Developer 
  • Systems Engineer 
  • Network Engineer 
  • Firmware Engineer 
  • Mobile Device Engineer 
  • Quality Control (QC) Engineer 

Summary: Above mentioned article is an Ideal case to describe both the branches.
In reality, CS aspirants can get CE jobs, and vice versa and the syllabus is hybrid in most of the local universities.

-Know why you are studying more than what you are studying!

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